West Bengal

Largest Exporter of Finished Leather Goods

Home to the 2nd highest number of MSMEs, accounting for 14% of India’s total MSMEs West Bengal is located on the east coast of India with the Bay of Bengal in the south and shares its international border with Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh.

The state has a vast network of railways and roadways, running over 4,100 km and 316,700 km respectively, and natural maritime advantages with potential navigable waterways including NW-1, NW – 5 and waterfront of 950 km. The state is well connected globally with Haldia and Kolkata ports and an international airport in Kolkata. In 2016-17, 385,891 containers were imported and 385,785 containers were exported via Kolkata Port. Kolkata is also the biggest tea handling port and tea auction market in India.

The state is also home to India’s second-largest metro rail network. The strategically important Siliguri Corridor is situated in West Bengal and connects eight North-Eastern states to the rest of India. The airport at Bagdogra links Siliguri to important destinations within the country, making it a vital trade and logistics hub for the entire region. The state also provides easy access to important international trade routes to countries such as Australia, Bangladesh, China, Malaysia, New Zealand and Singapore. The state has an oil refinery at Haldia, operated by Indian Oil Corporation, with a capacity of 7.5 MMTPA.