Largest Producer of Foodgrains in India
Longest road, rail and river network in India Uttar Pradesh is the fourth largest state in India and has the largest population. The state’s population of 200 mn is equivalent to the population of Brazil. The state falls under the influence area of key industrial corridors such as North-South and East-West (NS-EW) Corridor and several expressways and highways, conveniently connecting it with remote parts of the country.
Twelve major rivers pass through the state including the Ganges, India’s largest river. Uttar Pradesh is a popular tourist destination due to the presence of Taj Mahal, Buddhist places of pilgrimage such as Sarnath and Kushinagar and prominent Hindu pilgrimage places such as Allahabad and Varanasi.
The state was ranked second and third in terms of domestic and foreign tourist arrival, respectively, in 2017. Uttar Pradesh has very fertile land and its economy is largely driven by agriculture. The key industries in the state include food processing, information technology (IT), tourism, mineral-based industries, auto components, textiles, handlooms and handicrafts, biotechnology, leather-based and sports goods industries.
The state has an oil refinery in Mathura, operated by Indian Oil Corporation. High livestock population in the state makes it one of the leading producers of leather products. Uttar Pradesh is India’s largest milk-producer, second largest producer of hydel power and third largest producer of thermal power.
The state is also a leader in the production of multiple food and horticulture crops such as wheat, sugarcane, potato and mango, among others. Noida-Greater Noida region in the state is home to eight operational IT SEZs. The state saw over 143,000 MSMEs and heavy industrial units set-up their base during the 12th five-year plan. The state has the highest number of cities identified under the Smart Cities Mission of the Indian central government.